Ministry of Labour, Social, Family Affairs and Integration

Vocational Training Dual Vocational Training in Hamburg

Doing a dual vocational training is one option to learn a profession. It is the most common way of vocational training in Germany.

Vocational Training in Hamburg - Hamburg Welcome Portal

Dual vocational training is a combination of practical training in companies and theoretical training at the vocational school. Precisely because of this interlinking of theory and practice, this type of vocational training is considered a specific feature of the German education system and finds international recognition.

The dual vocational training takes between two and three and a half years and is offered in the following areas:

  • in the crafts sector
  • in the industry and retail sector
  • in the services sector
  • in the maritime sector
  • in the agricultural sector
  • in the public sector

The company offering the vocational training (training enterprise), concludes a contract with the apprentice. Apprentices are at the same time employees and vocational school students. They receive payment throughout the whole training period. If you achieve high marks during your vocational training, you have very good career prospects and chances of a permanent position in the training company.

The Federal Employment Agency’s online portal provides a comprehensive overview of vocational training options in Germany. Besides, you can also obtain information on single professions from the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB).


Applications must be addressed directly to the appropriate company offering vocational training. You can find further information in the Working section of the Hamburg Welcome Portal.

Structure of a Dual Vocational Training

Usually, vocational training starts on 1st August or 1st February of any year. In general, trainees work on three to four days a week in the company, where they learn the practical and technical skills of the profession.

In addition, the trainees visit a vocational school, normally for about twelve lessons a week. Please note: Some training courses are also divided into teaching blocks in the vocational school that last several weeks on the one hand and in longer periods of practical training in the company on the other hands. 

The vocational school lessons include general contents such as "Language & Communication" and technical English as well as contents that are important for the specific profession.

There is an intermediate examination after the first half of the training period. At the apprenticeship’s end trainees need to pass a final examination. After having successfully finished the vocational training, graduates are enabled to practice the specific profession.

Holiday Entitlement

Trainees receive a minimum of 24 working days or four weeks of vacation – but only during school holidays.


During the period of training, the trainees receive a kind of salary, called the apprenticeship allowance. The amount of the apprenticeship allowance depends on the company and the vocational training.

Special requirements for applicants from third countries

  • The apprentice is at least 18 years old. 
  • The training profession is considered as an understaffed profession in Germany.
  • The school-leaving qualification from abroad is equivalent to a German secondary school certificate.
  • The apprentice has sufficient knowledge of the German language (at least B2 level). 
  • The funding of stay is secured (including health insurance and accommodation).
  • For more information please read the article "General Entry and Stay Regulations in Germany".

Contact and more details

Are you interested in doing an vocational training in Hamburg or do you have any further questions? Please feel free to contact either the Hamburg Institute for Vocational Education and Training, the Youth Employment Advisory Services, the Hamburg Chamber of Crafts or the Hamburg Chamber of Commerce.